Despite the furor over alleged chemical weapons use by the government in April, and the retaliatory military strikes by the United States, United Kingdom, and France, the larger trajectory of the conflict remains unchanged.
Soon its remaining institutions will collapse and Syria will be a failed state. The human toll of the war has been catastrophic. War crimes are endemic.
Civilians routinely suffer starvation, sieges, torture, extrajudicial detention and indiscriminate bombardment. Preserving Syria is a vital national security interest for the United States.
Washington should use military force to protect vetted opposition groups and curtail war crimes committed by the government in Damascus. Now might present a final opportunity. Russia and the United States have a rare overlap of interests. A robust intervention will not bring an immediate end to the war.
But a forceful U.
Jul 10, · Participate in a debate on key issues in International Criminal Law and help us shed some light on tough legal issues faced by the Prosecutor of the ICC. What you say here matters. The Prosecutor is listening. Assad’s government remains an extreme exemplar of one-man rule, a regime that relies less on one sect (the Alawites) or one clan than it does on the single person of Bashar al-Assad. Assad rules through relatives, his clan, mafia-like groupings in the business and intelligence spheres, and even through sectarian loyalty. On the eve of the 5th anniversary of Syrians’ uprising against the government of Bashar al-Assad, the Obama administration is yielding to the Syrian President’s steeled determination to remain in p by WilsonCenter in Orphan Interests > Syrian Civil War, obama, and syria.
Because the war has stretched on for so long, with so much foreign interference, it has become easy to miss turning points—and even to believe that little can be done to reduce the toxic consequences.
The sixth year of a civil war that is also a sprawling, expanding regional war marks an apt time for the United States to consider a major adjustment of its Syria policy.
Russia, a major player in geopolitics in general and Syria specifically, has demonstrated interest in reducing tensions with the United States, while also presenting an increasingly bellicose challenge to the international order preferred by the United States and Europe. Fruitful diplomacy suggests a convergence of views to press for a political solution in Syria, but the major gaps between Washington and Moscow cannot be resolved if only Moscow is willing to bear the risks of confrontation.
Finally, and most importantly, the human and strategic toll of the Syrian war is no longer tolerable. The collapse of a central Levantine state has proven far more destructive than the White House expected. Something has to be done because the Syria crisis has become a global one.
The goal of this report is to advance the discussion of a realistic conflict-management strategy in Syria—not to assign blame for who started the war nor to fantasize about a neat, stable and unlikely solution.
Time to Stop the Meltdown The debate in Washington has been dominated by two polarizing camps: In fact, there is a clear and preferable middle course: Such a course would entail increased and sustained proxy warfare; some direct military intervention to protect civilians from indiscriminate bombing; and pressure on U.
For example, if the United States shoots down helicopters that bomb civilians, jihadist fighters in the same area would enjoy greater freedom of movement, but U.
To be sure, this strategy would be messy; it would require careful political management, and it might fail. It relies on the United States displaying more competence in a foreign intervention than it has in recent decades. At worst, the Syrian crisis would be as problematic as it is today, but there would be fewer civilian casualties, and the United States would gain leverage with its allies on other matters because of its beefed-up engagement in Syria.
At best, a more aggressive U. President Barack Obama, at lectern, delivers remarks on the global campaign to defeat with the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant and other issues. Even in failure, increased intervention would mark a correction of American policy in the Middle East, which today suffers from a credibility gap, 1 driven by two mutually reinforcing mistakes: The United States can do better than containment—an approach that in any case is not working as intended.
It is time for the United States to adjust its Syria policy, investing more military muscle and more humanitarian aid, while maintaining the high level of political engagement it has undertaken since mid Washington needs to recognize its own power and assume more political risk than it has been willing to so far.
The chance of a negotiated settlement is currently tiny; but with a calibrated—and somewhat risky—increase in military pressure, Washington can significantly increase the chances for diplomacy. Sign up for updates. Sign Up Follow us Properly executed, a more robust American intervention in the Levant will bring benefits even if it does not bring about peace in Syria: A more robust role in the conflict can reward groups that tolerate pluralism and avoid war crimes, while punishing those engaged in ethnic cleansing and the indiscriminate killing of civilians.
The stakes are incredibly high, with millions of Syrians in the conflict zone convinced they have no alternative other than to wait out the war, no matter how great the risk of death.
Many of these civilians live in daily fear of starvation as a consequence of siege, barrel bombings, or the predations of unaccountable militiamen who roam every single zone of influence in a fragmented country.
An example is Osama Taljo, a logistician from Aleppo who could have moved to Turkey or Europe, but who works with the council of the rebel-held half of the city.
He helps maintain the limping remnants of education and civil administration for theresidents who remain in rebel Aleppo. Today, he is planning for a starvation siege that could begin at any moment.>Russian General Staff: terrorists killed in Syria during past three months >Moscow, SANA – The Russian Air Force destroyed targets for terrorists in Syria over the past three days, the Commander of the Russian grouping of forces in Syria Colonel General Sergey Surovikin said on Friday.
On Wednesday, Syriatel – one of the country's two mobile phone service providers, headed by the president Bashar al-Assad's maternal cousin Rami Makhlouf – signed an agreement with the exchange to list its shares publicly. Jul 10, · Participate in a debate on key issues in International Criminal Law and help us shed some light on tough legal issues faced by the Prosecutor of the ICC.
What you say here matters. The Prosecutor is listening. The Ghouta area is composed of densely populated suburbs to the east and south of Damascus, part of the province of Rif Dimashq. Ghouta is a primarily conservative Sunni region.
Since early in the civil war, civilians in rebel-held Eastern Ghouta have almost entirely sided . To date, they have prepared eight case briefs against the top fifty senior leaders in the Syrian Government, including Bashar al-Assad.
Screened at the University thanks to the generosity of director Sara Afshar. Ruthie Blum: The Jews of the North Africa under Muslim Rule Exile in the Maghreb, co-authored by the great historian David G.
Littman and Paul B. Fenton, is an ambitious tome contradicting the myth of how breezy it was for Jews to live in their homelands in the Middle East and North Africa when they came under Muslim rule.